Glossary

I will be updating this as frequently as I can. If there’s a word in my writings that you believe should be here, please leave a comment and I’ll add it as soon as possible. Please note that this is meant for quick reference.

A
ACT – Acceptance and commitment therapy: a CBT related approach to treatment, usually done in group settings.

Addiction – a brain disorder characterized by compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli despite adverse consequences.

Alexithymia – The inability to identify and describe emotions in the self.

Anxiety – A group of mental disorders characterized by significant feelings of based from fear. Symptoms vary from person to person.

Anhedonia – The inability to feel pleasure.

Ashton manual – Created by Dr. Heather Ashton, it’s the reference people have used to wean themselves off of many psychological drugs. It can be found here.

B
Benzodiazepine – A class of drugs that enhance the effect of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) at the GABAA receptor, resulting in sedative, hypnotic (sleep-inducing), anxiolytic (anti-anxiety), anticonvulsant, and muscle relaxant properties. They are used to treat anxiety, insomnia, agitation, seizures, muscle spasms, and for other medical reasons.

C
CBT – Cognitive behavioral therapy: A therapeutic focus on the development of personal coping strategies that target solving current problems and changing unhelpful patterns in cognition (thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes), behaviors, and emotional regulation.

Chronic Illness – Illness that lasts for at least 6 months, and that extends beyond the expected period of healing.

Chronic Pain – Pain that lasts for at least 6 months, and that extends beyond the expected period of healing.

cPTSD (Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) – A psychological anxiety disorder as a result of repetitive, prolonged trauma. See also PTSD.

D
DBT
– Dialectal behavior therapy. This approach works towards helping one to learn about how one reacts to triggers, and helping to assess which coping skills to apply in the sequence of events, thoughts, feelings, and behaviors to help avoid undesired reactions.

Depersonalization– a state in which one loses all sense of identity. The person is fully aware, but all thoughts, feelings and sensations seem unreal or not really theirs.

Dissociation – Similar to depersonalization: the complete disconnection or separation of the self. Loss of consciousness, identity, memory, physical actions and/or awareness of the environment and others are all possible.

E
F
G
Group – A form of psychotherapy in which one or more therapists treat a group of clients together as a group. It can also support-based related led by person(s) who are further along in their stages of recovery.

H
Hold – When you stay at your current dose allowing your body to adjust to the lower levels of the drug in question in your body. This allows one to process the the withdrawal symptoms back to a tolerable level in order to continue decreasing the dose.

I
J
K
L
M
N
O
Orthorexia – a condition that includes symptoms of obsessive behavior in pursuit of a healthy diet. Orthorexia sufferers often display signs and symptoms of anxiety disorders that frequently co-occur with anorexia nervosa or other eating disorders.

P
PAWS (post acute withdraw symptom) – The second stage of withdrawal: fewer physical symptoms, but more emotional and psychological withdrawal symptoms.

PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) – A psychological anxiety disorder as a result of experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event, or learning that a traumatic event has happened to a loved one.

Q

R
Radical acceptance – Accepting the reality of a situation as is, and continuing to move forward in one’s life.

Relapse – When one goes back to the substance of choice. It’s not uncommon for any substance abuser to relapse at least once during their road to recovery.

S
SLIP
– Acronym used when someone is going down the path of relapse. Examples: “sobriety loses its importance”, “sobriety lost its priority” etc. In some cases, it’s used as its actual word when the substance in question (or anything else with similar effect on the user) was used in a lapse in judgment (either accidental or purposefully), but was not a full out relapse.

SMART goals – An ACT technique to set realistic goals within a set period of time. It’s expected to accept the outcome, good or bad.

T
Titrate – To adjust the amount of a drug consumed until the desired effects are achieved.

U
V
W
Withdrawal – A group of symptoms that occur upon the abrupt discontinuation or decrease in intake of medications, recreational drugs, or non-lethal addictive substances.

Wise mind – The state of mind in which one uses both logic and emotion congruently.

X
Y
Z